Medal, Commemorative of the Spanish Campaign.

An Italian Commemorative Medal of the Spanish Campaign. The circular bronze medal features a naked, sword wielding figure on horseback and a winged figure of Victory leading the hose with a laurel wreath in her other hand. A serpent, a hammer, and a sickle are being trodden underfoot. " GUERRA POR / LA LIBERACION / Y UNIDAD DE / ESPAÑA /17 JULIO 1936 " is marked on the reverse with a winged head above and a Spanish set of crowned arms below. A map of Spain is visible in the background. An integral ribbon bar fixes a red, yellow and black striped ribbon to the medal.
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These medals were "formally instituted on 5 September 1942, on the basis of previous unofficial initiatives dating back to 1938, to recognize the service of members of the Italian Legion in the Spanish Civil War. Initial Italian volunteers from the ranks of the fascist militia were eventually joined in Spain by ‘volunteers’ from the Italian army and air force serving in the Corpo Truppe Volontarie (Corps of Volunteer Troops)." Source: 
This medal was gifted to Taranaki Museum as part of a large collection made by prominent south Taranaki lawyer John Houston.
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